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Victor Emmanuel II, King of Italy






Reign

King of Italy
March 17, 1861 - January 9, 1878  (16 years) (41-57)
Succeeded by Umberto I of Italy


King of Sardinia
March 23, 1849 - March 17, 1861  (11 years) (29-41)
Preceded by Charles Albert of Sardinia
Kingdom of Sardinia reformed into a unified Kingdom of Italy


Life Data

Full Name Victor Emmanuel Maria Alberto Eugenio Ferdinando Tommaso
House Savoy
Born March 14, 1820
Birthplace Turin, Italy
Died January 9, 1878  (57 years)
Deathplace Rome, Italy


Parents

Charles Albert, King of Sardinia
Born October 2, 1798
Father Charles Emmanuel, Prince of Carignano  (1770-1800) (30 years)
Mother Maria Christina, Princess of Saxony  (1770-1851) (81 years)
Marriage 1817-49  (32 years, died)
Died July 28, 1849  (50 years)


Maria Theresa, Archduchess of Austria
Born March 21, 1801
Father Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany  (1769-1824) (55 years)
Mother Luisa, Princess of Naples and Sicily  (1773-1802) (29 years)
Children 3
Died January 12, 1855  (53 years)


Siblings

1. Ferdinando, Duke of Genoa  (1822-55) (33 years)
2. Maria Cristina, Princess of Savoy  (1826-27) (1 year)


Marriages

1. Adelaide, Archduchess of Austria
Born June 3, 1822
Father Rainer Joseph, Archduke of Austria  (1783-1853) (70 years)
Mother Elisabeth, Princess of Savoy  (1800-56) (56 years)
Marriage April 12, 1842 - January 20, 1855  (12 years, widowed)
Died January 20, 1855  (32 years)


2. Rosa Vercellana, Countess of Mirafiori and Fontanafredda
Born June 3, 1833
Father Giovanni Battista Vercellana  (1789-1859) (70 years)
Mother Maria Teresa Griglio  (1797-1854) (57 years)
Marriage November 7, 1869 - January 9, 1878  (8 years, died)
Died December 26, 1885  (52 years)


Child 1: Maria Clotilde, Princess of Savoy

Born March 2, 1843 Died

June 25, 1911

(68 years)


Marriages
Husband Napoléon, Prince Bonaparte  (1822-91) (69 years)
Marriage January 30, 1859 - March 17, 1891  (32 years, widowed)


Children
1. Victor, Prince Napoléon  (1862-1926) (64 years)
2. Louis, Prince Bonaparte  (1864-1932) (68 years)
3. Maria Letizia, Princess Bonaparte  (1866-1926) (60 years)


Child 2: Umberto I, King of Italy

Born March 14, 1844 Died

July 29, 1900

(56 years)


Marriages
Wife Margherita, Princess of Savoy  (1851-1926) (75 years)
Marriage April 21, 1868 - July 29, 1900  (32 years, died)


Children
1. Victor Emmanuel III, King of Italy  (1869-1947) (78 years)


Child 3: Amadeo I, King of Spain

Born May 30, 1845 Died

January 18, 1890

(44 years)


Marriages
First Wife Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo, Princess della Cisterna  (1847-76) (29 years)
First Marriage May 30, 1867 - November 8, 1876  (9 years, widowed)
Second Wife Maria Letizia, Princess Bonaparte  (1866-1926) (60 years)
Second Marriage September 11, 1888 - January 18, 1890  (1 year, died)


Children
1. Emanuele Filiberto, Duke of Aosta  (1869-1931) (62 years)
2. Vittorio Emanuele, Count of Turin  (1870-1946) (76 years)
3. Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi  (1873-1933) (60 years)
4. Umberto, Count of Salemi  (1889-1918) (29 years)


Child 4: Oddone, Duke of Montferrat

Born July 11, 1846 Died

January 22, 1866

(19 years)


Child 5: Maria Pia, Princess of Savoy

Born October 16, 1847 Died

July 5, 1911

(63 years)


Marriages
Husband Luís I, King of Portugal  (1838-89) (51 years)
Marriage October 6, 1862 - October 19, 1889  (27 years, widowed)


Children
1. Carlos I, King of Portugal  (1863-1908) (45 years)
2. Afonso, Duke of Porto  (1865-1920) (55 years)


Child 6: Carlo, Duke of Chablais 

Born June 2, 1851 Died

June 28, 1854

(3 years)


Child 7: Vittorio Emanuele, Prince of Savoy

Born July 6, 1852 Died

July 6, 1852

(1 day)


Child 8: Vittorio Emanuele, Count of Geneva

Born January 18, 1855 Died

May 17, 1855

(3 months)

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