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Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor and Archduke of Austria






Reign

Holy Roman Emperor
September 30, 1790 - March 1, 1792  (1 year) (43-44)
Preceded by Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor
Succeeded by Francis I of Austria


Archduke of Austria and King of Hungary, Croatia, and Bohemia
February 20, 1790 - March 1, 1792  (2 years) (42-44)
Preceded by Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor
Succeeded by Francis I of Austria


Grand Duke of Tuscany
August 18, 1765 - July 22, 1790  (24 years) (18-43)
Preceded by Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
Succeeded by Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany


Life Data

Full Name Peter Leopold Joseph Anton Joachim Pius Gotthard
House Habsburg-Lorraine
Born May 5, 1747
Birthplace Vienna, Austria
Died March 1, 1792  (44 years)
Deathplace Vienna, Austria


Parents

Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
Born December 8, 1708
Father Leopold, Duke of Lorraine  (1679-1729) (50 years)
Mother Élisabeth Charlotte, Princess of Orléans  (1676-1744) (68 years)
Marriage 1736-65  (29 years, died)
Died August 18, 1765  (56 years)


Maria Theresa, Archduchess of Austria
Born May 13, 1717
Father Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor  (1685-1740) (55 years)
Mother Elisabeth Christine, Princess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel  (1691-1750) (59 years)
Children 16
Died November 29, 1780  (63 years)


Siblings

1. Maria Elisabeth, Archduchess of Austria  (1737-40) (3 years)
2. Maria Anna, Archduchess of Austria  (1738-89) (51 years)
3. Maria Carolina, Archduchess of Autria  (1740-41) (1 year)
4. Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor and Archduke of Austria  (1741-90) (49 years)
5. Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen  (1742-98) (56 years)
6. Maria Elisabeth, Archduchess of Austria  (1743-1808) (65 years)
7. Charles Joseph, Archduke of Austria  (1745-61) (16 years)
8. Maria Amalia, Duchess of Parma  (1746-1804) (58 years)
9. Maria Carolina, Archduchess of Austria  (1748-48) (1 day)
10. Maria Johanna Gabriela, Archduchess of Austria  (1750-62) (12 years)
11. Maria Josepha, Archduchess of Austria  (1751-67) (16 years)
12. Maria Carolina, Queen of Naples and Sicily  (1752-1814) (62 years)
13. Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria-Este  (1754-1806) (52 years)
14. Marie Antoinette, Queen of France  (1755-93) (38 years)
15. Maximilian Francis, Archbishop-Elector of Cologne  (1756-1801) (45 years)


Marriages

1. Maria Luisa, Infanta of Spain
Born November 24, 1745
Father Charles III, King of Spain  (1716-88) (72 years)
Mother Maria Amalia, Princess of Saxony  (1724-60) (36 years)
Marriage February 16, 1764 - March 1, 1792  (28 years, died)
Died May 15, 1792  (46 years)


Child 1: Maria Theresa, Archduchess of Austria

Born January 14, 1767 Died

November 7, 1827

(60 years)


Marriages
Husband Anthony, King of Saxony  (1755-1836) (81 years)
Marriage September 8, 1787 - November 7, 1827  (40 years, died)


Children
1. Maria Ludovika, Princess of Saxony  (1795-96) (1 year)
2. Frederick Augustus, Prince of Saxony  (1796-96) (1 day)
3. Maria Johanna, Princess of Saxony  (1798-99) (1 year)
4. Maria Theresia, Princess of Saxony  (1799-99) (1 day)


Child 2: Francis I, Emperor of Austria

Born February 12, 1768 Died

March 2, 1835

(67 years)


Marriages
First Wife Elisabeth, Duchess of Württemberg  (1767-90) (23 years)
Marriage January 6, 1788 - February 18, 1790  (2 years, widowed)
Second Wife Maria Theresa, Princess of Naples and Sicily  (1772-1807) (35 years)
Marriage September 15, 1790 - April 13, 1807  (16 years, widowed)
Third Wife Maria Ludovika, Archduchess of Austria-Este  (1787-1816) (29 years)
Marriage January 6, 1808 - April 7, 1816  (8 years, widowed)
Fourth Wife Caroline Augusta, Princess of Bavaria  (1792-1873) (81 years)
Marriage October 29, 1816 - March 2, 1835  (18 years, died)


Children
1. Ludovika Elisabeth, Archduchess of Austria  (1790-91) (1 year)
2. Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma  (1791-1847) (56 years)
3. Ferdinand I, Emperor of Austria  (1793-1875) (82 years)
4. Marie Caroline, Archduchess of Austria  (1794-95) (1 year)
5. Caroline Ludovika, Archduchess of Austria  (1795-99) (4 years)
6. Maria Leopoldina, Archduchess of Austria  (1797-1826) (29 years)
7. Clementina, Archduchess of Austria  (1798-1881) (83 years)
8. Joseph Franz, Archduke of Austria  (1799-1807) (8 years)
9. Marie Caroline, Archduchess of Austria  (1801-32) (31 years)
10. Franz Karl, Archduke of Austria  (1802-78) (76 years)
11. Marie Anne, Archduchess of Austria  (1804-58) (54 years)
12. Johann Nepomuk, Archduke of Austria  (1805-09) (4 years)
13. Amalie Theresa, Archduchess of Austria  (1807-07) (1 day)


Child 3: Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany

Born May 6, 1769 Died

June 18, 1824

(55 years)


Marriages
First Wife Luisa, Princess of Naples and Sicily  (1773-1802) (29 years)
Marriage August 15, 1790 - September 19, 1802  (12 years, widowed)
Second Wife Maria Ferdinanda, Princess of Saxony  (1796-1865) (69 years)
Marriage May 6, 1821 - June 18, 1824  (3 years, died)


Children
1. Carolina Ferdinanda, Archduchess of Austria  (1793-1802) (9 years)
2. Francesco Leopoldo, Archduke of Austria  (1794-1800) (6 years)
3. Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany  (1797-1870) (73 years)
4. Maria Luisa, Archduchess of Austria  (1799-1857) (58 years)
5. Maria Theresa, Archduchess of Austria  (1801-55) (54 years)


Child 4: Maria Anna, Archduchess of Austria

Born April 21, 1770 Died

October 1, 1809

(39 years)


Child 5: Charles, Duke of Teschen

Born September 5, 1771 Died

April 30, 1847

(75 years)


Marriages
Wife Henrietta, Princess of Nassau-Weilburg  (1797-1829) (32 years)
Marriage September 15, 1815 - December 29, 1829  (14 years, widowed)


Children
1. Maria Theresa, Archduchess of Austria  (1816-67) (51 years)
2. Albrecht, Duke of Teschen  (1817-95) (78 years)
3. Karl Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria  (1818-74) (56 years)
4. Friedrich, Archduke of Austria  (1821-47) (26 years)
5. Rudolph, Archduke of Austria  (1822-22) (16 days)
6. Maria Karoline, Archduchess of Austria  (1825-1915) (90 years)
7. Wilhelm Franz, Archduke of Austria  (1827-94) (67 years)


Child 6: Alexander Leopold, Archduke of Austria

Born August 14, 1772 Died

July 12, 1795

(22 years)


Child 7: Albrecht Johann, Archduke of Austria

Born September 19, 1773 Died

July 22, 1774

(10 months)


Child 8: Maximilian Johann, Archduke of Austria

Born December 23, 1774 Died

March 10, 1778

(3 years)


Child 9: Joseph, Palatine of Hungary

Born March 9, 1776 Died

January 13, 1847

(70 years)


Marriages
First Wife Alexandra Pavlovna, Grand Duchess of Russia  (1783-1801) (18 years)
Marriage October 30, 1799 - March 16, 1801  (1 year, widowed)
Second Wife Hermine, Princess of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym  (1797-1817) (20 years)
Marriage August 30, 1815 - September 14, 1817  (2 years, widowed)
Third Wife Maria Dorothea, Duchess of Württemberg  (1797-1855) (58 years)
Marriage August 24, 1819 - January 13, 1847  (27 years, died)


Children
1. Alexandrine, Archduchess of Austria  (1801-01) (1 day)
2. Hermine, Archduchess of Austria  (1817-42) (25 years)
3. Stephen, Palatine of Hungary  (1817-67) (50 years)
4. Franziska Marie, Archduchess of Austria  (1820-20) (24 days)
5. Alexander, Archduke of Austria  (1825-37) (12 years)
6. Elisabeth Franziska, Archduchess of Austria  (1831-1903) (72 years)
7. Joseph Karl, Archduke of Austria  (1833-1905) (72 years)
8. Marie Henriette, Archduchess of Austria  (1836-1902) (66 years)


Child 10: Maria Clementina, Archduchess of Austria

Born April 24, 1777 Died

November 15, 1801

(24 years)


Marriages
Husband Francis I, King of the Two Sicilies  (1777-1830) (53 years)
Marriage September 19, 1790 - November 15, 1801  (11 years, died)


Children
1. Marie-Caroline, Princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies  (1798-1870) (72 years)
2. Ferdinand, Prince of Bourbon-Two Sicilies  (1800-01) (1 year)


Child 11: Anton Victor, Archduke of Austria

Born August 31, 1779 Died

April 2, 1835

(55 years)


Child 12: Maria Amalia, Archduchess of Austria

Born October 15, 1780 Died

December 25, 1798

(18 years)


Child 13: John, Archduke of Austria

Born January 20, 1782 Died

May 11, 1859

(77 years)


Marriages
Wife Anna, Countess of Meran  (1804-85) (81 years)
Marriage February 18, 1829 - May 11, 1859  (30 years, died)


Children
1. Franz, Count of Meran  (1839-91) (52 years)


Child 14: Rainer Joseph, Archduke of Austria

Born September 30, 1783 Died

January 16, 1853

(69 years)


Marriages
Wife Elisabeth, Princess of Savoy  (1800-56) (56 years)
Marriage May 28, 1820 - January 16, 1853  (32 years, died)


Children
1. Maria Karolina, Archduchess of Austria  (1821-44) (23 years)
2. Adelaide, Archduchess of Austria  (1822-55) (33 years)
3. Leopold Ludwig, Archduke of Austria  (1823-98) (75 years)
4. Ernest, Archduke of Austria  (1824-99) (75 years)
5. Sigismund, Archduke of Austria  (1826-91) (65 years)
6. Rainer Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria  (1827-1913) (86 years)
7. Heinrich Anton, Archduke of Austria  (1828-91) (63 years)
8. Maximilian Karl, Archduke of Austria  (1830-39) (9 years)


Child 15: Louis, Archduke of Austria

Born December 13, 1784 Died

December 21, 1864

(80 years)


Child 16: Rudolf, Archduke of Austria

Born January 8, 1788 Died

July 24, 1831

(43 years)

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