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Leopold I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau






Reign

Prince of Anhalt-Dessau
August 7, 1693 - April 7, 1747 (53 years) (17-70)
Preceded by John George II, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau
Succeeded by Leopold II, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau


Life Data

House Ascania
Birth July 3, 1676

Dessau, Germany

Death April 7, 1747 (70 years)

Dessau, Germany


Parents

John George II, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau
Birth November 17, 1627
Father John Casimir, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau (1596-1660)
Mother Agnes, Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel (1606-50)
Death August 7, 1693 (65 years)


Henriette Catherine, Countess of Nassau
Birth February 10, 1637
Father Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange (1584-1647)
Mother Amalia, Countess of Solms-Braunfels (1602-75)
Death November 3, 1708 (71 years)


Siblings

Number Name Marriages Children
1. Amalie, Princess of Anhalt-Dessau

(1660-60) (2 months)

N/A N/A
2. Henriette, Princess of Anhalt-Dessau

(1662-62) (24 days)

N/A N/A
3. Frederick Casimir, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt-Dessau

(1663-65) (2 years)

N/A N/A
4. Elisabeth Albertine, Princess of Anhalt-Dessau

(1665-1706) (41 years)

Heinrich, Count of Barby

(1657-1728, m.1686)

4 sons, 1 daughter
5. Henriëtte Amalia, Princess of Anhalt-Dessau

(1666-1726) (60 years)

Henry Casimir II, Prince of Nassau-Dietz

(1657-96, m.1683)

2 sons, 7 daughters
6. Louise, Princess of Anhalt-Dessau

(1667-78) (11 years)

N/A N/A
7. Marie Eleonore, Princess of Anhalt-Dessau

(1671-1756) (85 years)

Jerzy Radziwiłł, Duke of Olyka

(1668-89, m.1687)

1 daughter
8. Henriette Agnes, Princess of Anhalt-Dessau

(1674-1729) (55 years)

N/A N/A
9. Johanna Charlotte, Princess of Anhalt-Dessau

(1682-1750) (68 years)

Philip William, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt

(1669-1711, m.1699)

3 sons, 3 daughters


Paternal Grandparents

John Casimir, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau
Birth December 17, 1596
Father John George I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau (1567-1618)
Mother Dorothea, Countess Palatine of Simmern (1581-1631)
Death September 15, 1660 (63 years)


Agnes, Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel
Birth May 14, 1606
Father Maurice, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel (1572-1632)
Mother Juliane, Countess of Nassau-Dillenburg (1587-1643)
Death May 28, 1650 (44 years)


Maternal Grandparents

Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange
Birth January 29, 1584
Father William I, Prince of Orange (1533-84)
Mother Louise, Lady de Coligny (1555-1620)
Death March 14, 1647 (63 years)


Amalia, Countess of Solms-Braunfels
Birth August 31, 1602
Father John Albert I, Count of Solms-Braunfels (1563-1623)
Mother Agnes, Countess of Sayn-Wittgenstein (1568-1617)
Death September 8, 1675 (73 years)


Wife: Anna Louise Föhse

Birth March 22, 1677
Father Rudolf Föhse (1647-96)
Mother Agnes Ohme (1645-1707)
Death February 5, 1745 (67 years)


Marriage
September 8, 1698 - February 5, 1745 (46 years, widowed)


Child 1: William Gustav, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt-Dessau

Full Name William Gustav
Birth June 20, 1699
Death December 16, 1737 (38 years)



Marriage
Wife Johanna Sophia Herre (1706-96)
Wife's Parents Christian Herre (1646-1720)

Katharina Dorothea Starke (1680-1767)

Marriage March 14, 1726 - December 16, 1737 (11 years, died)


Children
Number Name Marriages Children
1. William, Count of Anhalt

(1727-60) (33 years)

N/A N/A
2. Leopold Louis, Count of Anhalt

(1729-95) (66 years)

Karoline von Printzen

(1734-99, m.1763)

1 daughter
3. Gustav, Count of Anhalt

(1730-57) (27 years)

N/A N/A
4. Johanna, Countess of Anhalt

(1731-86) (55 years)

N/A N/A
5. Frederick, Count of Anhalt

(1732-94) (62 years)

N/A N/A
6. Wilhelmine, Countess of Anhalt

(1734-81) (47 years)

August Wolfrath, Baron von Campen

(1730-79, m.1772)

1 daughter
7. Albert, Count of Anhalt

(1735-1802) (67 years)

Sophie von Wedel

(1750-73, m.1764)

3 sons, 2 daughters
8. Henry, Count of Anhalt

(1736-58) (22 years)

N/A N/A
9. Leopoldine, Countess of Anhalt

(1738-1808) (70 years)

George Dietrich von Pfuhl

(1723-82, m.1773)

N/A


Child 2: Leopold II, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau

Full Name Leopold Maximilian
Birth December 25, 1700
Death December 16, 1751 (50 years)


Marriage
Wife Gisela Agnes, Princess of Anhalt-Köthen (1722-51)
Wife's Parents Leopold, Prince of Anhalt-Köthen (1694-1728)

Frederica Henriette, Princess of Anhalt-Bernburg (1702-23)

Marriage May 25, 1737 - April 20, 1751 (13 years, widowed)


Children
Number Name Marriages Children
1. Leopold III, Duke of Anhalt-Dessau

(1740-1817) (77 years)

Louise, Margravine of Brandenburg-Schwedt

(1750-1811, m.1767)

1 son
2. Louise, Princess of Anhalt-Dessau

(1742-43) (1 year)

N/A N/A
3. Henrietta Catherine Agnes, Princess of Anhalt-Dessau

(1744-99) (55 years)

Johann Jost, Baron von Loën

(1737-1803, m.1779)

3 sons, 3 daughters
4. Maria Leopoldine, Princess of Anhalt-Dessau

(1746-69) (23 years)

Simon August, Count of Lippe-Detmold

(1727-82, m.1765)

1 son
5. John George, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau

(1748-1811) (63 years)

N/A N/A
6. Casimire, Princess of Anhalt-Dessau

(1749-78) (29 years)

Simon August, Count of Lippe-Detmold

(1727-82, m.1769)

1 son
7. Albert Frederick, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau

(1750-1811) (61 years)

Henriette, Countess of Lippe-Weissenfeld

(1753-95, m.1774)

N/A



Child 3: Dietrich, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau

Birth August 2, 1702
Death December 2, 1769 (67 years)


Child 4: Frederick Henry Eugen, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau

Full Name Frederick Henry Eugen
Birth December 27, 1705
Death March 2, 1781 (75 years)


Child 5: Henriette Marie, Princess of Anhalt-Dessau

Full Name Henriette Marie Louise
Birth August 3, 1707
Death August 7, 1707 (4 days)


Child 6: Louise, Princess of Anhalt-Dessau

Birth August 21, 1709
Death July 29, 1732 (22 years)


Marriage
Husband Victor Frederick, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg (1700-65)
Husband's Parents Karl Frederick, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg (1668-1721)

Sophie Albertine, Countess of Solms-Sonnenwalde (1672-1708)

Marriage November 25, 1724 - July 29, 1732 (7 years, died)


Children
Number Name Marriages Children
1. Sophie Louise, Princess of Anhalt-Bernburg

(1732-86) (54 years)

Frederick, Count of Solms-Baruth

(1725-87, m.1753)

1 son, 1 daughter


Child 7: Moritz, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau

Birth October 31, 1712
Death April 11, 1760 (47 years)


Child 8: Anna Wilhelmine, Princess of Anhalt-Dessau

Full Name Anna Wilhelmine
Birth June 13, 1715
Death April 2, 1780 (64 years)


Child 9: Leopoldine Marie, Princess of Anhalt-Dessau

Full Name Leopoldine Marie
Birth Decemebr 12, 1716
Death January 27, 1782 (65 years)


Marriage
Husband Frederick Henry, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt (1709-88)
Husband's Parents Philip William, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt (1669-1711)

Johanna Charlotte, Princess of Anhalt-Dessau (1682-1750)

Marriage February 13, 1739 - January 27, 1782 (42 years, died)


Children
Number Name Marriages Children
1. Friederike Charlotte, Margravine of Brandenburg-Schwedt

(1745-1808) (63 years)

N/A N/A
2. Louise, Margravine of Brandenburg-Schwedt

(1750-1811) (61 years)

Leopold III, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau

(1740-1817, m.1767)

1 son


Child 10: Henriette Amalie, Princess of Anhalt-Dessau

Full Name Henriette Amalie
Birth December 7, 1720
Death December 5, 1793 (72 years)
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