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Frederick I, Duke of Anhalt






Reign

Duke of Anhalt
May 22, 1871 - January 24, 1904 (32 years) (40-72)
Preceded by Leopold IV, Duke of Anhalt
Succeeded by Friedrich II, Duke of Anhalt


Life Data

Full Name Leopold Frederick Franz Nikolaus
House Ascania
Birth April 29, 1831

Dessau, Germany

Death January 24, 1904 (72 years)

Ballenstedt, Germany


Parents

Leopold IV, Duke of Anhalt
Birth October 1, 1794
Father Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt-Dessau (1769-1814)
Mother Amalie, Landgravine of Hesse-Homburg (1774-1846)
Death May 22, 1871 (76 years)


Frederica, Princess of Prussia
Birth September 30, 1796
Father Louis Charles, Prince of Prussia (1773-96)
Mother Frederica, Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1778-1841)
Death January 1, 1850 (53 years)


Siblings

Number Name Marriages Children
1. Auguste, Princess of Anhalt-Dessau

(1819-22) (3 years)

N/A N/A
2. Agnes, Princess of Anhalt-Dessau

(1824-97) (73 years)

Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg

(1826-1908, m.1853)

1 son, 1 daughter
3. Maria Anna, Princess of Anhalt-Dessau

(1837-1906) (69 years)

Friedrich Karl, Prince of Prussia

(1828-85, m.1854)

1 son, 4 daughters


Paternal Grandparents

Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt-Dessau
Birth December 27, 1769
Father Leopold III, Duke of Anhalt-Dessau (1740-1817)
Mother Louise, Margravine of Brandenburg-Schwedt (1750-1811)
Death May 27, 1814 (44 years)


Amalie, Landgravine of Hesse-Homburg
Birth June 29, 1774
Father Frederick V, Landrave of Hesse-Homburg (1748-1820)
Mother Caroline, Landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt (1746-1821)
Death February 3, 1846 (71 years)


Maternal Grandparents

Louis Charles, Prince of Prussia
Birth November 5, 1773
Father Frederick William II, King of Prussia (1744-97)
Mother Frederica Louisa, Landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt (1751-1805)
Death December 28, 1796 (23 years)


Frederica, Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Birth March 3, 1778
Father Charles II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1741-1816)
Mother Friederike, Landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt (1752-82)
Death June 29, 1841 (63 years)


Wife: Antoinette, Princess of Saxe-Altenburg

Birth April 17, 1838
Father Eduard, Prince of Saxe-Altenburg (1804-52)
Mother Amalie, Princess of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (1815-41)
Death October 13, 1908 (70 years)


Marriage
April 22, 1854 - January 24, 1904 (49 years, died)


Child 1: Leopold, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt

Full Name Leopold Friedrich Franz Ernst
Birth July 18, 1855
Death February 2, 1886 (30 years)


Marriage
Wife Elisabeth, Princess of Hesse-Kassel (1861-1955)
WIfe's Parents Frederick William, Prince of Hesse-Kassel (1820-84)

Anna, Princess of Prussia (1836-1918)

Marriage May 26, 1884 - February 2, 1886 (1 year, died)


Children
Number Name Marriages Children
1. Antoinette, Princess of Anhalt

(1885-1963) (78 years)

Frederick, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe

(1868-1945, m.1909)

2 sons


Child 2: Friedrich II, Duke of Anhalt

Full Name Leopold Friedrich Eduard Karl Alexander
Birth August 19, 1856
Death April 21, 1918 (61 years)


Marriage
Wife Marie, Princess of Baden (1865-1939)
Wife's Parents William, Prince of Baden (1829-97)

Maria Maximilianovna, Princess of Leuchtenberg (1841-1914)

Marriage July 2, 1889 - April 21, 1918 (28 years)


Child 3: Elisabeth, Princess of Anhalt

Full Name Elisabeth Marie Friederike Amalie Agnes
Birth September 7, 1857
Death July 20, 1933 (75 years)


Marriage
Husband Adolphus Frederick V, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1848-1914)
Husband's Parents Frederick William, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1819-1904)

Augusta, Princess of Cambridge (1822-1916)

Marriage April 17, 1877 - June 11, 1914 (37 years, widowed)


Children
Number Name Marriages Children
1. Marie, Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

(1878-1948) (70 years)

George, Count Jametel (1859-1944, m.1899 d.1908)

Julius Ernst, Prince of Lippe (1873-1952, m.1914)

2 sons, 2 daughters
2. Jutta, Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

(1880-1946) (66 years)

Danilo, Crown Prince of Montenegro

(1872-1939, m.1899)

N/A
3. Adolphus Frederick VI, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

(1882-1918) (36 years)

N/A N/A
4. Karl Borwin, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

(1888-1908) (20 years)

N/A N/A


Child 4: Eduard, Duke of Anhalt

Full Name Eduard Georg Wilhelm Maximilian
Birth April 16, 1861
Death September 13, 1918 (57 years)


Marriage
Wife Louise Charlotte, Princess of Saxe-Altenburg (1873-1953)
Wife's Parents Moritz, Prince of Saxe-Altenburg (1829-1907)

Augusta, Princess of Saxe-Meiningen (1814-1919)

Marriage February 6, 1895 - January 26, 1918 (22 years, divorced)


Children
Number Name Marriages Children
1. Friederike, Princess of Anhalt

(1896-96) (10 months)

N/A N/A
2. Leopold, Prince of Anhalt

(1897-98) (1 year)

N/A N/A
3. Marie-Auguste, Princess of Anhalt

(1898-1983) (85 years)

Joachim, Prince of Prussia (1890-1920, m.1916 d.1920)

Johannes-Michael, Baron von Loën (1902-78, m.1926 d.1935)

1 son
4. Joachim Ernst, Duke of Anhalt

(1901-47) (46 years)

Elisabeth Strickrodt (1903-71, m.1927 d.1929)

Editha Marwitz von Stephani (1905-86, m.1929)

2 sons, 3 daughters
5. Eugen, Prince of Anhalt

(1903-80) (77 years)

Anastasia Jungmeier

(1901-70, m.1935)

1 daughter
6. Wolfgang, Prince of Anhalt

(1912-36) (24 years)

N/A N/A


Child 5: Aribert, Prince of Anhalt

Full Name Aribert Joseph Alexander
Birth June 18, 1866
Death December 24, 1933 (67 years)


Marriage
Wife Marie Louise, Princess of Schleswig-Holstein (1872-1956)
Wife's Parents Christian, Prince of Schleswig-Holstein (1831-1917)

Helena, Princess of the United Kingdom (1846-1923)

Marriage July 6, 1891 - December 13, 1900 (9 years, divorced)


Child 6: Alexandra, Princess of Anhalt

Full Name Alexandra Therese Marie
Birth April 4, 1868
Death August 26, 1958 (90 years)


Marriage
Husband Sizzo, Prince of Schwarzburg (1860-1926)
Husband's Parents Friedrich Günther, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (1793-1867)

Helene, Countess von Raina (1835-60)

Marriage January 25, 1897 - March 24, 1926 (29 years, widowed)


Children
Number Name Marriages Children
1. Marie Antoinette, Princess of Schwarzburg

(1898-1984) (86 years)

Friedrich Magnus V, Count of Solms-Wildenfels

(1886-1945, m.1925)

2 sons, 3 daughters
2. Irene, Princess of Schwarzburg

(1899-1939) (40 years)

N/A N/A
3. Friedrich Günther, Prince of Schwarzburg

(1901-71) (71 years)

Sophie, Princess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach

(1911-88, m.1938 d.1938)

N/A
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