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Alfonso XII of Spain







Reign

King of Spain
December 29, 1874 - November 25, 1885 (10 years) (17-27)
Preceded by Amadeo I of Spain
Succeeded by Alfonso XIII of Spain


Life Data

Full Name Alfonso Francisco de Asís Fernando Pío Juan María de la Concepción Gregorio Pelayo
House Bourbon
Birth November 28, 1857

Madrid, Spain

Death November 25, 1885 (27 years)

Madrid, Spain


Parents

Francisco de Asís, Duke of Cádiz
Birth May 13, 1822
Father Francisco de Paula, Infante of Spain (1794-1965)
Mother Luisa Carlotta, Princess of the Two Sicilies (1804-44)
Death April 17, 1902 (79 years)



Isabella II, Queen of Spain
Birth October 10, 1830
Father Ferdinand VII, King of Spain (1784-1833)
Mother Maria Christina, Princess of the Two Sicilies (1806-78)
Death April 9, 1904 (73 years)


Siblings

Number Name Marriages Children
1. Luis, Infante of Spain

(1849-49) (Stillbirth)

N/A N/A
2. Fernando, Infante of Spain

(1850-50) (Stillbirth)

N/A N/A
3. Isabel, Infanta of Spain

(1851-1931) (80 years)

Gaetan, Count of Girgenti

(1846-71, m.1868)

N/A
4. Maria Cristina, Infanta of Spain

(1854-54) (2 days)

N/A N/A
5. Margarita, Infanta of Spain

(1855-55) (1 day)

N/A N/A
6. Francisco de Asís, Infante of Spain

(1856-56) (Stillbirth)

N/A N/A
7. Maria de la Concepción, Infanta of Spain

(1859-61) (2 years)

N/A N/A
8. María del Pilar, Infanta of Spain

(1861-79) (18 years)

N/A N/A
9. María de la Paz, Infanta of Spain

(1862-1946) (84 years)

Ludwig Ferdinand, Prince of Bavaria

(1859-1949, m.1883)

2 sons, 1 daughter
10. Eulalia, Infanta of Spain

(1864-1958) (94 years)

Antonio, Duke of Galliera

(1866-1930, m.1886)

2 sons
11. Francisco de Asís, Infante of Spain

(1866-66) (20 days)

N/A N/A


Paternal Grandparents

Francisco de Paula, Infante of Spain
Birth March 10, 1794
Father Charles IV, King of Spain (1748-1819)
Mother Maria Luisa, Princess of Parma (1751-1819)
Death August 13, 1865 (71 years)


Luisa Carlotta, Princess of the Two Sicilies
Birth October 24, 1804
Father Francis I, King of the Two Sicilies (1777-1830)
Mother María Isabella, Infanta of Spain (1789-1848)
Death January 29, 1844 (39 years)


Maternal Grandparents

Ferdinand VII, King of Spain
Birth October 14, 1784
Father Charles IV, King of Spain (1748-1819)
Mother Maria Luisa, Princess of Parma (1751-1819)
Death September 29, 1833 (48 years)


Maria Christina, Princess of the Two Sicilies
Birth April 27, 1806
Father Francis I, King of the Two Sicilies (1777-1830)
Mother María Isabella, Infanta of Spain (1789-1848)
Death August 22, 1878 (72 years)


First Wife: Mercedes, Princess of Orléans

Birth June 24, 1860
Father Antoine, Duke of Montpensier (1824-90)
Mother Luisa Fernanda, Infanta of Spain (1832-97)
Death June 26, 1878 (18 years)


Marriage
January 23, 1878 - June 26, 1878 (5 months, widowed)


Second Wife: Maria Christina, Archduchess of Austria

Birth July 21, 1858
Father Karl Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria (1818-74)
Mother Elisabeth Franziska, Archduchess of Austria (1831-1903)
Death February 26, 1929 (70 years)


Marriage
November 29, 1879 - November 25, 1885 (5 years, died)


Child 1: María de las Mercedes, Princess of Asturias

Full Name María de las Mercedes Isabel Teresa Cristina Alfonsa
Birth September 11, 1880
Death October 17, 1904 (24 years)



Marriage
Husband Carlos, Prince of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1870-1949)
Husband's Parents Alfonso, Count of Caserta (1841-1934)

Maria Antonietta, Princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1851-1938)

Marriage February 14, 1901 - October 17, 1904 (3 years, died)


Children
Number Name Marriages Children
1. Alfonso, Duke of Calabria

(1901-64) (63 years)

Alicia, Princess of Bourbon-Parma

(1917-2017, m.1936)

1 son, 2 daughters
2. Fernando, Prince of Bourbon-Two Sicilies

(1903-05) (2 years)

N/A N/A
3. Isabel Alfonsa, Princess of Bourbon-Two Siciles

(1904-85) (81 years)

Jan Kanty, Count Zamoyski

(1900-61, m.1929)

2 sons, 2 daughters


Child 2: María Teresa, Infanta of Spain

Full Name María Teresa Isabel Eugenia del Patrocinio Diega
Birth November 12, 1882
Death September 23, 1912 (29 years)


Marriage
Husband Ferdinand, Prince of Bavaria (1884-1958)
Husband's Parents Ludwig Ferdinand, Prince of Bavaria (1859-1949)

María de la Paz, Infanta of Spain (1862-1946)

Marriage January 12, 1906 - September 23, 1912 (6 years, died)


Children
Number Name Marriages Children
1. Luis Alfonso, Prince of Bavaria

(1906-83) (77 years)

N/A N/A
2. José Eugenio, Prince of Bavaria

(1909-66) (57 years)

María de la Asunción Solange de Mesía y de Lesseps, Countess of Odiel

(1911-2005, m.1933)

2 sons, 2 daughters
3. María de las Mercedes, Princess of Bavaria

(1911-53) (42 years)

Irakli, Prince Bagration of Mukhrani

(1909-77, m.1946)

1 son, 1 daughter
4. María del Pilar, Princess of Bavaria

(1912-18) (6 years)

N/A N/A


Child 3: Alfonso XIII, King of Spain

Full Name Alfonso Léon Fernando María Jaime Isidro Pascual Antonio
Birth May 17, 1886
Death February 28, 1941 (54 years)


Marriage
Wife Victoria Eugenie, Princess of Battenberg (1887-1969)
Wife's Parents Henry, Prince of Battenberg (1858-96)

Beatrice, Princess of the United Kingdom (1857-1944)

Marriage May 31, 1906 - February 28, 1941 (34 years, died)


Children
Number Name Marriages Children
1. Alfonso, Prince of Asturias

(1907-38) (31 years)

Edelmira Sampredo-Ocejo y Robato (1906-94, m.1933 d.1937)

Marta Esther Rocafort-Altuzarra (1913-93, m.1937 d.1938)

N/A
2. Jaime, Duke of Segovia

(1908-75) (67 years)

Emmanuelle, Viscountess de Dampierre (1913-2012, m.1935 d.1947)

Charlotte Tiedemann (1919-79, m.1949)

2 sons
3. Beatriz, Infanta of Spain

(1909-2002) (93 years)

Alessandro, Prince Torlonia of Civitella-Cisi

(1911-86, m.1935)

2 sons, 2 daughters
4. Fernando, Infante of Spain

(1910-10) (Stillbirth)

N/A N/A
5. María Cristina, Infanta of Spain

(1911-96) (85 years)

Enrico Marone-Cinzano, Count Marone

(1895-1968, m.1940)

4 daughters
6. Juan, Count of Barcelona

(1913-93) (80 years)

María de las Mercedes, Princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies

(1910-2000, m.1935)

2 sons, 2 daughters
7. Gonzalo, Infante of Spain

(1914-34) (20 years)

N/A N/A